What is Suboxone?
Suboxone is a medication that is mainly used for opioid addiction. Suboxone is a combination of Buprenorphine and Naloxone, which work together to help opioid-addicted patients find relief from withdrawal symptoms from their opioid addiction. It helps reduce cravings from dangerous drugs like heroin. Suboxone is prescribed by licensed professionals and is given along with counseling and behavioral therapy. There are different treatment options for opioid or heroin addiction, but Suboxone is considered to be safe and effective because it eases withdrawal symptoms while blocking brain receptors from receiving the effects of opioids. Suboxone should only be used with a prescription and under medical supervision.
Components of Suboxone
Suboxone is a combination of two major components. Suboxone contains Buprenorphine and Naloxone; the two are described as partial agonist and antagonist respectively. A partial agonist binds to and activates a given receptor, but has only a partial effect on the receptor relative to a full agonist, such as heroin or morphine. An antagonist blocks or diminishes the biological response instead of activating it like an agonist.
The main function of Buprenorphine is to offer doses of the opioid to a patient with a stronger addiction of the same. The chemical component helps in the weaning process of an existing addiction. The secondary function of Buprenorphine is to minimize the side effects of the process. When a dose of Buprenorphine is taken, a partial effect is received, which controls cravings and withdrawal symptoms but does not cause the level of euphoria that a full opioid would create.
As mentioned before, Naloxone is an opioid antagonist, which means that it counters the effects of an opioid and is thus prescribed to prevent or even reverse a number of opioid-induced symptoms.